Simple things to check at the beginning of each heating season:
- Make sure that your attic hatch is closed; crawl and basement access doors also.
- Check to be sure that all upper sash and self storing storm windows are in the fully closed position and that any locks are engaged.
- Make sure that fireplace dampers are closed when not in use.
- Follow-up after the “cable guy” (or electrician, plumber, etc.) to make sure insulation was put back and that they did not disconnect a duct or the like.
- Open heating system registers and move anything covering them like carpets or furniture.
During cold periods:
- Use a rolled bath towel or “draft snake” inside leaky door bottoms.
- Utilize drapes or heavy curtains to your advantage; open them when the sun shines, close them when it doesn’t.
- Run exhaust fans only when needed.
Easy, no-cost things to do:
- Turn your thermostat down when you are away or sleeping.
- Turn water heater temperature down to 120 O F.
- Reduce consumption of hot water by washing more laundry in cold water, rinse dishes in colder water, take shorter showers…etc.
- Clean clothes dryer lint traps and dryer outlet pipes; they must exhaust outdoors.
Easy, low-cost things to do:
- Clean or replace your furnace filter.
- Convert light bulbs to compact fluorescent; highest use locations first.
- Install shrink-wrap interior storm window kits on leaky windows.
- Plug holes and utility penetrations with foam in a can.
- Caulk leaky interior edges along baseboards, window trim, etc.
- Replace broken or missing receptacle and switch covers and install child-proof plugs.
Moderate cost things for do-it-yourselfers:
- Install a set-back thermostat.
- Install low-flow showerheads and faucet aerators.
- Install a water heater tank wrap IF you have an older, fiberglass insulated unit.
- Insulate hot water pipes in unconditioned areas.
- Insulate ducts in unconditioned areas.
- Perform attic air sealing and then add insulation up to R-38.
- Install proper door latches to keep doors closed securely.
Moderate cost things that may require a Contractor:
- Attic air sealing.
- Attic insulation.
- Exterior wall insulation.
- Furnace clean and tune-up.
- Air flow verification for the duct system.
- Duct sealing.
We’ve analyzed actual energy consumption before and after the installation of these various measures. These things are proven energy savers.